The difference between cannabis and industrial hemp in the eyes of US law is the content of THC, the intoxicating compound in cannabis: If a plant contains more than 0.3% THC by dry weight, it’s cannabis, and still considered federally illegal despite the many states with legalized recreational and medicinal use. If it’s less 0.3% THC by dry weight, it’s considered hemp, which is being incrementally regulated by government agencies. The 2018 Farm Bill removed industrial hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, essentially declassifying it as a dangerous controlled substance of no medical use, clarifying its status as an agricultural product, and making it legal under federal law under some circumstances.
As of Oct. 10, more than 1,200 cases of a mysterious vaping-related illness, and 26 related deaths had been reported to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which is advising consumers to “consider refraining” from vaping altogether. Of the 771 patients the CDC previously reported data on, the majority reported vaping THC and/or nicotine. Only about 17% reported having vaped a CBD product, but there is still good reason for CBD enthusiasts to take note—and even to be especially cautious.
“There’s no regulations.”
“I’m concerned about it,” he says. “But I don’t have any data.”
“They think, ‘Oh, it’s an oil. I can mix it with another oil and that will thin it and it will make it easier to flow into our vape pen,’ and it’s not harmful because we’re already smoking oil. Well, no. Cannabis extract is not an oil,” says Stem.
“There’s no regulations, there’s no one telling companies what to do,” says Jonathan Miller, general counsel for the trade group US Hemp Roundtable. “I don’t want to say it incentivizes bad behavior but it certainly doesn’t crack down on bad behavior.”
Generally speaking, vaping is an unsafe practice regardless of what substances are in the vape pen. And, CBD oil is no exception. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently linked vaping products to an outbreak of nearly 3,000 lung illnesses that were so serious that even young people were being admitted to the hospital. Meanwhile, nearly 70 people have died from what is now being called EVALI (e-cigarette and vaping associated lung injury). And, the CDC believes thousands more may have admitted to the hospital with lung issues related to vaping.
But many people are hoping those regulations will happen soon. Even the CBD industry is concerned and asking for oversight. For instance, without more regulations, organizations like the U.S. Hemp Authority are unable to certify CBD oils as it does with CBD topicals, tinctures, and edibles. And, until that happens, consumers have very little way of knowing what they are getting when they purchase a CBD oil.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is extracted from the flowers and buds of marijuana or hemp plants. Typically, it does not produce a “high” or intoxication because it contains very little, if any, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). In fact, CBD oil is only permitted to contain less than 0.3% of THC. CBD oil is legal in states where medicinal or recreational marijuana is legal. Meanwhile, several other states have CBD-specific laws on the books even though marijuana is not yet legal there.
To make matters worse, this lack of certification has lead people to sell vaping liquid they claim contains CBD oil when it actually contains harmful chemicals, which is injuring and killing people in the process. To determine the extent to which this is occurring, the Associated Press (AP) commissioned a study to analyze the contents of nearly 30 oils claiming to contain CBD.
In fact, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved only one CBD-based medication, which is used to treat seizures associated with two severe forms of epilepsy. But, when it comes to CBD in general, they stress that it cannot be added to food, drinks, or dietary supplements. And although the FDA has warned manufacturers against making unproven health claims, it has not done much to stop the sale of CBD products.
These are the most common devices used to vape CBD vape juice. Some are easier to use than others, but you don’t need to be a rocket scientist to vape CBD e-juice, it’s simple. If you feel intimidated at first, just start with the easiest option and work your way up. Disposables, cartridges and pods are the simplest option if you’re new to vaping. Refillable vape pens are slightly more advanced, but more cost effective in the long run.
CBD pods are similar to CBD oil cartridges, but with a modern twist. They’re compatible with a JUUL battery, which is one of the most popular vapes on the market today. JUUL users can now easily swap between CBD or nicotine, just by snapping in a JUUL-compatible CBD pod.
Determine your CBD dosage
The first step to vaping CBD properly is knowing how much to vape, and which strength to buy. There are multiple factors that need to be taken into account when determining CBD dosage. This includes body weight, body chemistry and severity of your condition.
Refillable CBD vape pens are rechargeable vape pens that you fill up with your own CBD vape juice. They usually consist of a simple tube-style battery attached to a vape tank with an internal coil. CBD vape pens generally produce more vapor and flavor than disposables, and are more cost effective in the long run. They require some basic maintenance, like changing the coil and keeping the tank clean.
Most CBD vape juice is made of food grade ingredients and is safe to consume, but not all CBD oil can be vaped — some products are for oral consumption only. See our guide on what to know before vaping CBD oil, to make sure you’re purchasing the right one. In this guide, we cover the most common ways to vape CBD e-juice and how to do it properly.