Worried about the challenges of making your own CBD oil? We’re not going to lie: this isn’t the simplest process in the world. Still, the use and retail of hemp and CBD-infused products are now completely legal in the United States. So, if you have access to high-quality hemp flowers, this means that you can create your own CBD oil and even prepare CBD-infused products.
If you are looking for a full-spectrum oil with cannabidiol as well as a more concentrated level of THC, you can use cannabis buds. Marijuana contains high amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. We don’t work with marijuana plants or cannabis with a dry weight THC level greater than three-tenths of one percent (0.3%).
What Are The Main Ingredients Used to Prepare CBD Oil?
Before attempting any of the recipes we outline below, you must ensure that you have well-preserved hemp flowers or cannabis buds. Ideally, the raw ingredients should have a high concentration of cannabinoid compounds. Focus on using organically grown plants that have not been exposed to any contaminants or unknown soil farmland. Remember that the more concentrated the cannabinoid compounds, the more potent your final product will be.
Homemade CBD oil doesn’t have a very long shelf life, so it should be consumed within a year. Remember that shelf life will decrease if you don’t store the CBD oil properly.
It is very hard to point out the exact dosage of homemade CBD oil that you should consume. This is because the potency of each batch varies depending on the purity of your preparation process, as well as the concentration of cannabinoids in the primary ingredient used. You can send your CBD out for testing, but that can be expensive for the hobby hemp farmer.
To make CBD oil at home, you’ll need to follow a simple two-step process: decarboxylation and infusion. While it sounds complex, decarboxylation is a simple process of precision heating that activates beneficial compounds in cannabis. The second step, infusion, releases those compounds into a carrier oil. Infused oils are easy to take, and oil makes these compounds easier for your body to absorb, too.
To activate CBD efficiently and to get the most from your plant material, you’ll need a precision cooker (also known as a decarboxylator) which can maintain exact temperatures needed for the full activation of CBD and other cannabinoids. With precision heating, decarboxylators extract a higher percentage of beneficial plant compounds than cruder methods and are a worthwhile investment for anyone who takes CBD oil regularly or wants to make a consistently good product.
Activating the CBD
To make CBD oil you only need two primary ingredients: hemp and a carrier oil. Hemp flowers that are high in CBD will yield the best results, and if you can’t find them locally, you can order them online. After decarboxylating the hemp flowers, you can then use them to make a CBD-infused oil.
Where to Find High-CBD hemp flower. Since hemp flower is non-intoxicating with negligible to no-detectable THC content, it is legal on a federal level. You may be able to find it locally; however, your best bet is to purchase it online.
A carrier oil is an oil that you use for herbal infusions. Coconut oil and MCT oil (which is derived from coconut) are popular carrier oils both in commercial and homemade CBD products.
I personally like to use strains that are high in both THC and CBD to make oil and salves. To learn more about the differences between strains, CBD and THC, see this article: “Sativa, Indica & Autoflowers, the Differences Explained”.
Are you interested in making your own cannabis-infused oil? I don’t blame you! Making homemade cannabis oil is a great way to create a highly healing, concentrated, and versatile cannabis product. It is ready to use in edible recipes, topical salves, or even enjoy straight on its own. Especially if you use organic homegrown cannabis like we do, this is an excellent way to use up any extra or “fluffy” stuff too. It also happens to be very easy to make cannabis oil at home!
Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, THC, or…
Cannabis oil is made by lightly heating (and thus infusing) cannabis in a “carrier oil”. Cannabinoids like CBD and THC, the most active components in cannabis, are both hydrophobic. That means they don’t like water, and are actually repelled by water molecules. On the flip side, CBD and THC are both fat-soluble. They like to bind with fatty acid molecules – such as those found in oil. When cannabis is steeped in oil, the THC and CBD molecules leave the buds or plant material and become one with the oil instead.
On the other hand, simply chopping up weed to add to your brownie mix is not a good idea, for many reasons. As we already explored, cannabinoids are fat-soluble. That means that they not only bind with oils during the infusion process, but also that cannabinoids are more readily absorbed and digested in our bodies when they’re consumed with fat – such as oil. If you add raw cannabis to baked goods, it is less likely that the cannabinoids will bind to fats for a consistent and effective edible experience. Using decarboxylated cannabis to make cannabis oil further increases precision and consistency.
Your choice! You can make cannabis-infused oil with hemp or marijuana, depending on what is legal and available in your area. Or, what you’re desired end-results are. Hemp oil will only contain CBD (or a very minuscule amount of THC), while marijuana-infused oil will likely contain both THC and CBD. The ratio and concentration of THC and/or CBD depends on the strain of marijuana and particular plant it came from.