CBD, or Cannabidiol, is one of the many phytocannabinoids found in cannabis plants, including hemp. Cannabinoids are already produced by your body, and are called endocannabinoids. Researchers have identified two so far: anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). You may choose to use CBD to boost the cannabinoids your body is making on its own.
Those small dropper bottles of CBD oil seem to be everywhere, from beauty counters to convenience stores and everywhere in between. But with the emergence of a new product comes a deluge of information to digest. Two terms you’ve likely seen while researching CBD are “oils” and “tinctures.” Here, we’ll review what these products are, the difference between them, and explore your CBD product options.
What is CBD?
CBD oil is an extract from hemp plants that contains high levels of Cannabidiol. This is made through a process called extraction, which involves putting harvested hemp through a process that draws out CBD and other vital compounds. The solvent separates the compounds from the plant material, leaving behind a solution that mimics the plant's native chemical profile, including its aromatic terpenes. That solution is then refined to remove any unwanted materials such as lipids and fats. At Prima, we use alcohol-free supercritical CO2 extraction to extract the phytocannabinoids from hemp, a process that’s free of hydrocarbons, toxins, and heavy metals. This extract is then used to create all sorts of CBD products, including skincare, bath bombs and capsules.
Generally, there are three types of CBD extract: full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate. Full spectrum is the oil as-is from the plant, including the trace amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which occur naturally in hemp. Broad spectrum retains all the compounds in the plant, but attempts to further remove the THC molecule. CBD isolate removes everything that is not cannabidiol, resulting in an extract that is often 99 percent pure CBD. Full spectrum and broad spectrum are particularly sought after because of a theory called the entourage effect, which states that all cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds in hemp work in tandem to increase the activity of the major cannabinoid. At Prima, our products are formulated with broad spectrum phytocannabinoid hemp extract.
Unlike other cannabinoids, including its famous cousin Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is non-intoxicating. In fact, we at Prima take the extra step to remove the trace amounts of THC that occur naturally in hemp, resulting in broad spectrum hemp extract.
Next, mix the flower with high proof alcohol such as Everclear in a mason jar. Close the jar tightly and allow it to sit. The alcohol solvent will “pull” the CBD (as well as other compounds) from the plant material.
If you do this at room temperature, you must let the flower/alcohol mixture sit for a few weeks to obtain efficient CBD extraction. If you heat the mixture in a water bath, full extraction can occur in as little as a few hours.
Variations in potency can also produce confusion. Take a product labeled ‘pure 100mg CBD tincture’ for instance. This could just as easily be identified as a ‘100mg CBD oil.’
How to Make a CBD Tincture
Hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating compound of cannabis, is now legal thanks to the 2018 U.S. Farm Bill. Dozens of companies are selling CBD products and shipping not only to all 50 states, but to countries around the globe. These products come from industrial hemp and contain minimal THC, and thus produce no psychoactivity.
Also, we all have varying degrees of tolerance for CBD, and things like general health and genetics can play a role. Finding the best dose for your CBD tincture will likely take time, as well as a fair amount of patience. Start out a small, and stick with your initial dosage for several days before making changes. You want to make sure and give your body time to respond to the active compound.
Proponents of CBD oil tinctures routinely praise its ability to help with the symptoms listed above. Whether you buy online, from a store, or make your own, you’ll understand the effects of CBD tincture when you notice the subtle fading of whatever is troubling you.
Confused? Check out the link below for more detailed information on how to dose CBD tinctures.