The first requires using food-safe alcohol to extract CBD from hemp plant material. The second, which has become popular due to the gentle process involved, utilises natural plant oils to extract CBD. Hemp seed, olive, and coconut oils are popular choices here and are fairly effective solvents.
If you’re ready to get to it, you’ll first have to decide which method you want to go with. There are two options for amateurs, and choosing one over the other won’t make an extreme difference. However, there is a difference, and both options have their pros and cons.
A NOTE ON STRAIN SELECTION
Pour the alcohol extract into the stainless steel bowl/top of the double boiler and apply gentle heat. High-proof alcohol is highly volatile and will evaporate at a low temperature. Keep the heat down and turn the heat on and off where necessary. It’s important to carry out this process away from any naked flames and ideally under an extractor fan or outdoors. The vapour produced when the alcohol evaporates is highly flammable and poses a real fire hazard.
• Mixing bowl
• Baking tray
• Parchment paper
• Fine strainer such as a piece of cheesecloth or a sieve
• Catchment container
• Double boiler (a set of two fitted saucepans/pots stacked together with space between them)
• Wooden spoon
• Plastic syringe
You might be wondering about a third extraction method using CO₂. It’s true, this has become the industry standard for quality CBD oils due to its “clean” nature. CO₂ extraction provides the most potent, controlled and verifiable extraction currently possible, but it requires extremely expensive equipment, a lot of space, and extensive knowledge to perform properly. For that reason, we’ll stick to discussing the first two.
If you’re looking to make cbd oil, you’ll need just two ingredients: hemp and a carrier oil like olive oil. The result is a vibrantly herbaceous infused oil with soothing anti-inflammatory properties.
Many people take CBD to help combat inflammation, anxiety, or restless sleep. Some research suggests it helps protect and support nervous system health (1) and may reduce pain (2), while other research suggests it supports gut health and proper immune system function (3).
What is CBD oil?
To make CBD oil at home, you’ll need to follow a simple two-step process: decarboxylation and infusion. While it sounds complex, decarboxylation is a simple process of precision heating that activates beneficial compounds in cannabis. The second step, infusion, releases those compounds into a carrier oil. Infused oils are easy to take, and oil makes these compounds easier for your body to absorb, too.
A carrier oil is an oil that you use for herbal infusions. Coconut oil and MCT oil (which is derived from coconut) are popular carrier oils both in commercial and homemade CBD products.
Rather than smoking, you can activate these compounds through other means of heating. Some people bake hemp flowers in a slow oven for about an hour or use a slow cooker. These methods are inexpensive, but they’re also imprecise and may not activate all the CBD.
It is also worth noting that the main step in the preparation process is using just-sufficient heat. The use of excess heat in the preparation process can kill certain cannabinoid compounds making your oil less potent. It also goes without saying that all preparation equipment should be clean in order to guarantee the purity of the final product.
If you are looking for a full-spectrum oil with cannabidiol as well as a more concentrated level of THC, you can use cannabis buds. Marijuana contains high amounts of THC and other cannabinoids. We don’t work with marijuana plants or cannabis with a dry weight THC level greater than three-tenths of one percent (0.3%).
Have you ever wondered why most of the cannabinoid products you see on the market are oil-based? It’s for one simple reason: most of the beneficial and active cannabinoid compounds found in cannabis and hemp plants don’t mix well with water. Instead, chemical compounds such as THC and cannabidiol (CBD), which have both been praised for their immense potential health benefits, bond well with oil.
Recipe 2: Making CBD Oil Using Olive Oil
Some of these methods, such as the use of carbon dioxide, only work when you have sophisticated and expensive equipment. That means they’re best reserved for an industrial or commercial setting.
Ongoing research strongly suggests that CBD has immense health benefits. At one point, we all get ill. Or, if not, we know a loved one who is suffering from a chronic ailment without any known cure. Thankfully, many current cannabinoid studies show that they can be used to mitigate if not completely combat the effects of certain ailments.
If you are looking for an oil concentrate that has little to no amounts of THC, and more cannabidiol, use hemp flowers. Remember that THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid compound that gives one a ‘high’. Hemp flowers only contain trace amounts of THC, meaning that they produce more potent CBD oil concentrate.
You should also ensure that you have all the supplies you’ll need for the preparation process. Though these will vary depending on your preparation method, there are certain universal supplies required for almost all CBD oil recipes. They include: