The Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, formerly CARBC, is a member of the BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information. The institute is dedicated to the study of substance use in support of community-wide efforts aimed at providing all people with access to healthier lives, whether using substances or not. For more, visit www.cisur.ca.
After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, in 2018, the United States FDA approved CBD (Epidiolex) as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures. Other evidence suggests that CBD may be useful in the treatment of schizophrenia, though further research is needed before introducing CBD into medical practice.
Author: Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research
What is the legal status (and evidence) of CBD oil?
There is some initial evidence that CBD may help people in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease keep the ability to recognize the faces of people that they know, and thus slow progression of the illness. Again, more research is needed in this area.
Because of the way cannabis and its products are metabolized, scientists believe there is a potential for interaction with other drugs, although nothing significant has yet been recorded. CBD has been found to be generally safe. Reports from patients indicate that negative drug interactions are not common. As with any other treatment, it is important to monitor your use of CBD and seek assistance if you experience any problems or have questions or concerns about its use.
Research suggests that CBD may provide relief for chronic pain. Sativex is a proprietary medication that combines THC and CBD and may be prescribed for the relief of pain associated with multiple sclerosis. There is also some evidence suggesting that CBD may be a promising support for people with opioid use disorders. The researchers noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders including anxiety, mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia.
Cannabidiol or CBD is a naturally occurring component of cannabis. It is extracted from the cannabis plant and often made into an oil for use. CBD is not psychoactive, and does not produce the ‘high’ of THC (tetrahyrocannabinol), the primary psychoactive component of cannabis. CBD is legal in Canada and has been used in the treatment of various medical conditions.
Where can you smoke: Only in private
Where can you buy legally: Government-operated stores or online
The user can cultivate 4 plants at home for personal use provided they are sourced from licensed producers. The laws also specify a secured locked space for indoor cultivation and locked fencing for outdoor cultivation. The online sale of cannabis is regulated by the Government and is the only legal online provider.
Supply of CBD and Cannabis in Canada
To regulate the distribution and sale of Cannabis across provinces, the government has set rules around who can purchase the products, store operations, and locations of these stores.
The Cannabis laws in Yukon are similar to a few other provinces. An individual of or over the age of 19 can cultivate 4 plants per residence. However, consumption is limited to private space.
Legal age for consumption: 19
Where can you smoke: Not in public spaces
Before the Cannabis Act was passed, CBD was regulated under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, which prohibited the production, sale, and distribution of CBD without government authorization. The Canadian government reserved approval for strict medical or scientific research.
CBD and other phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids derived from cannabis plants) are regulated under the Cannabis Act (C-45), which came into effect on October 17, 2018. Canadian cannabis laws follow the conventions set forth by the United Nations. Since the U.N. places CBD in the controlled substance category, Canada classifies the cannabinoid in the same manner.
However, the new cannabis industry in Canada is far from the free-for-all, sometimes depicted in the media. Canada’s new federal laws are quite complex and dependent upon the mandates of each province or territory.
How is CBD Regulated in Canada?
When Canada changed its cannabis laws in 2018, songs of praise from advocates and a flurry of complaints from critics swept the news. For better or for worse, marijuana was now legal in Canada.
While the Cannabis Act made phytocannabinoids like CBD more accessible to the general Canadian population, where you can even buy CBD oil online in Canada, the law set up a strict and complicated regulatory system for its production and distribution.
Federal law allows Canadians to grow up to four cannabis plants at home for personal use. Anyone wishing to sell their harvest must apply for a federal license. The Canadian government grants two separate licenses for growing cannabis for profit: