More research has been conducted on the compound CBD. Medical CBD is anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, neuroprotective, and anxiolytic, antipsychotic, and anti-emetic. The CBD compound in medical marijuana appears to be neuroprotective in Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s disease, fetal hypoxia, and other neurodegenerative conditions and movement disorders.
Bachhuber, MA., et al. “Medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality in the United States.” 1999-2010. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Oct;174(10):1668-73. Erratum in: JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Nov;174(11):1875.
What are the health benefits of medical marijuana?
Teesson, M. et al. “The relationships between substance use and mental health problems: evidence from longitudinal studies.” In: Stockwell, T. et al. “Preventing harmful substance use: the evidence base for policy and practice.” Chichester, UK: John Wiley; 2005. p. 43-51.
Most research suggests a very low risk of addiction and very low toxicity of medical marijuana when taken as recommended in low therapeutic doses. There is concern about psychological dependence in heavy users and whether this constitutes marijuana abuse. Some research has suggested CBD oil might be useful in treatment for marijuana addiction or marijuana abuse.
At higher doses, side effects include
THC is thought to engage with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which helps regulate physiological functioning. THC is similar to a chemical that’s present in this system, and when these two chemicals meet, the similarity allows THC to exert an influence on the body and brain in ways that alter coordination, memory, decision-making, appetite, and mood.
Scientists think that CBD acts in yet to be determined ways that protect the brain against inflammation and oxidative stress. (13)
How Marijuana Can Help Fight Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea
Indeed, anecdotal evidence points to the effectiveness of CBD as an anxiety and stress reducer, as well as a sleep aid. Eric*, a busy sales executive in San Francisco, has been sleeping more soundly since he started using a high-CBD, low-THC product via a vaporizer three months ago for work-related stress and anxiety.
Cannabidiol is the cannabinoid in marijuana that, along with interacting with the brain's serotonin system, may also help relax and calm you, but it doesn't alter your perception or affect physical reactions too much. CBD may be particularly effective for: (10)
Some individuals use marijuana instead of addictive opioids to treat pain. In these cases, marijuana may actually be responsible for a decrease in the use of — and deaths from — these prescription drugs.