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Hemp oil can then be taken on its own or infused into various different products including tinctures, liquids, capsules, topicals, vape oil, hair and skin care products, and more. CBD oil can also be purified through a filtration process that removes all excess plant material and compounds other than CBD to make a highly-concentrated CBD powder called isolate. Since hemp oil products contain only trace levels of THC, they are federally legal in the U.S. and in over 40 countries internationally.

When individuals hear terms like cannabis oil, hemp oil, hemp seed oil, marijuana oil, THC oil, or CBD oil, their first instinct is often to conclude that all of these cannabis extracts are essentially the same. However, the truth is that there are significant differences between the different types of cannabis extracts.

As the name suggests, hemp seed oil is made from the seeds of the hemp plant. The seeds are packed full of nutrients, and the resulting oil is often described as a “superfood.” Hemp seed oil contains high amounts of amino acids, fiber, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, as well as an array of important vitamins and minerals. This makes hemp seed oil a valuable addition to any diet, especially those that may be nutrient deficient.

Hemp Seed Oil

If you are looking to use marijuana to appreciate the psychoactive and euphoric effects rather than use it for medical reasons, some U.S. states have legalized recreational marijuana for adults. In Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, California, and Nevada, all you need is proof that you are over 21 to get access to a legal dispensary and buy recreational marijuana. Usually, a state ID or driver’s license from any state is adequate proof that you are over 21.

Cannabis oil is a term applied to any type of extract of the cannabis plant, including extracts from both marijuana and hemp. The goal of the cannabis oil extraction process is to remove the plant’s naturally thick, viscous oil from dried or fresh cannabis.

When most people envision using cannabis, their first thought is likely someone smoking the plant’s dry flowers. However, smoking cannabis is not the only way to experience the benefits of cannabis. It is also possible to extract the cannabis plant’s oil, allowing for incredible innovation in the types of cannabis products that can be created.

Using a solvent for extraction produces a thick amber-colored cannabis oil that is full of the plant’s active chemical compounds. Next, heat and a vacuum are used to purge the solvent from the oil. The resulting cannabis concentrate is then processed into one of a number of potential cannabis oil forms, including wax, crumble, honeycomb, sap, budder, live resin, and shatter. The resulting cannabis oil product can be consumed by either vaping or dabbing it.

Similar to other herbal extracts, the chemicals in cannabis oils vary depending on how the extract is made and what chemicals were in the plant to begin with.

It’s important to know that the research in this area is in its infancy, partly because we haven’t really understood much about CBD until relatively recently,” said Marcel Bonn-Miller, an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. He pointed out that the classification of marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug by the DEA makes it difficult to get material to use in laboratory studies. Schedule 1 drugs have a high potential for abuse, according to the DEA, and are illegal under federal law.

What is CBD?

The physiological effects of cannabinoids can vary widely from person to person, and also depend on how they’re consumed. That lack of predictability is one of the reasons why cannabis oil is a challenging candidate for developing into a medicine, Ward told Live Science.

THC is the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana and it is what people are searching for when they want a product that gives them a “high.” Unlike THC, CBD isn’t known to cause psychoactive effects, and is therefore attractive to those who want to avoid the high but who believe there are other benefits of CBD, said Sara Ward, a pharmacologist at Temple University in Philadelphia. [Healing Herb? Marijuana Could Treat These 5 Conditions]

Both Bonn-Miller and Ward stress that it’s up to the consumer to be well-educated about the material they’re purchasing and the research that’s out there. “The companies that are creating [cannabis oils] are offering lots of claims about its use that are not necessarily substantiated by any research,” Bonn-Miller said. So “I think there needs to be, from a consumer standpoint, a lot of vigilance,” he added.