Hemp has an amazing ability which is great for the planet, but not so great for CBD lovers. And this ability is why we need to be careful about where the plant is grown. Here at The London Botanists, we only use European farms with the highest standards in ethical, sustainable, organic farming techniques.
That amazing ability? Hemp is able to draw impurities out of the soil – many farmers across the world use it to ‘clean’ their soil of pesticides and chemicals before planting food crops. But this means that impurities in the soil end up in the plant, and therefore in the CBD extract. Which is why it’s vital to ensure our farms have the highest soil standards to start.
CBD (cannabidiol) is one of at least 113 naturally-occurring compounds (‘phytocannabinoids’) found in the Cannabis Sativa L. plant. CBD is distinct from THC, the intoxicating compound that produces the famous high. Concerns over CBD arise from the confusion between Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana. Hemp and Marijuana are both species of Cannabis, however Marijuana is bred to have high levels (25% in some cases) of THC- the substance associated with illegal highs. CBD is extracted from Hemp that contains less than 0.2% THC.
A recent US report found a staggering 70% of the 300 top-selling CBD products were “highly contaminated” with heavy metals (e.g. lead, arsenic), herbicides (e.g glyphosate) and a host of other contaminants. The quality of CBD is hugely dependent on where it comes from and how is grown. In this short video we will cover the three important questions you need to know the answer to if you are thinking about trying CBD.
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Which part of the world does CBD come from?
Amongst other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes, CBD is extracted from the flower of the cannabis plant to form a raw paste. This extract is then mixed with fatty carrier bases, such as hemp oil (produced from hemp seeds) or MCT (produced from Coconut), allowing it to be ingested.
What is CBD?
Which part of the plant does CBD come from?
For centuries, we’ve used CBD to treat a wide range of medical ailments. It was a respected natural remedy because of its anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and anti-oxidative properties. But how far back does its history go? The earliest recorded medical use of Cannabis dates back to between 1400 and 2000 BC. Later, in the 1800s, a man named William Osler, also called the ‘Founding Father of Modern Medicine,’ advocated strongly for the medical usage of Cannabis . He claimed the plant would aid in treating headaches.
More recently, scientists have made advancements in studying its therapeutic benefits thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill. This legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law on the 20th of December 2018. And, just like that, hemp lost its marijuana classification and was removed from the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) list of controlled substances. This federal mandate legalized hemp crop growth across the entire United States. What’s more, the bill specified the legality of hemp, which includes its derivatives. In other words, the legality of cannabinoids was written into law.
After scientists discovered the endocannabinoid system in 1988, they also found balancing the endocannabinoid system could alleviate a variety of ailments. And, by harnessing the power of CBD, we could safely address symptoms such as deep and degenerative muscle pain or severe epileptic attacks.
What Are the Origins of CBD?
But, while CBD is also present in marijuana plants, we extract it from a hemp plant with a THC concentration that is less than 0.3% as per the law. This is the legally permissible THC limit, and it guarantees you won’t get high when using CBD. Understanding this simple fact should help remove any confusion about the legality and safety of CBD use. Just in case you need a little extra comfort, remember this: CBD is legal throughout the United States. And legal CBD cannot give you that euphoric, illegal ‘high’, that you get with THC use.
In the 1900s, a scientist called Roger Adams discovered the first cannabinoid in the Cannabis plant. He called it Cannabinol (CBN). In the wake of this discovery, farmers started breeding plants to cultivate these cannabinoids, and the modern-day Cannabis plant was developed. Studies suggested that Cannabis produced beneficial effects in asthmatics, and could help improve sleep, treat migraines, and so much more.
In their raw form, THC and CBD share a similar appearance. And they also have similar chemical structures, so it’s understandable why people often confuse these two compounds. In fact, their similarities help explain why it took scientists so long to identify the differences between THC and CBD. Still, those differences are significant.
So, when you choose a CBD product, make sure it’s from a high resin plant. How, you might ask, do you know if you’re sourcing it from a high resin plant? Thankfully, it’s not that difficult: just look for descriptions such as ‘whole-plant extract’ and ‘full-plant extract.’ The whole plant/full extract descriptions mean that it was made from the entire Cannabis plant, including portions, like the flowers, with high resin concentrations.